Joshua Cole.

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You are here: Home Dissociation Causes

Causes

 

Although dissociation is a common experience those with an actual dissociative disorder almost universally have a background of childhood trauma especially sexual and physical abuse. Over 99% of those diagnosed with DID have a history of prolonged and severe childhood sexual abuse usually with an early age of onset (before the age of eight) and the abuser being one or more of the child’s caregivers. There has been no genetic link indicated. This is probably because everybody is capable of dissociation as a young child but few people are in the situation of having to use it on a regular basis. This regular usage as a defence leads to the ability to dissociate being retained into adulthood and therefore leads directly to dissociative disorders.

There are a few cases where dissociative disorders have developed after a single trauma and they have been observed in those kept in captivity for long periods of time. Little is currently known about the phenomenon of dissociation itself. It is currently considered to be a highly creative and intelligent defence and a ‘trick of the imagination’. However newer studies have shown that dissociation is a biological phenomenon – brain imaging has shown that associative pathways in the brain are shut down during the dissociative experience. This suggests that the dissociative experiences may well be ‘real’ as opposed to imaginative.

 

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You are here: Home Dissociation Causes